Flora of Jim Corbett National Park


The flora of Jim Corbett National Park includes a variety of plants and trees. According to the Botanical Survey of India, there are over 600 species of plants – trees, shrubs, ferns, grass, climbers, herbs, and bamboo in Jim Corbett. You can find tall trees like sal, teak, and bamboo, as well as shrubs like ber and khair. More than 75 % of the area is covered with sal trees in Jim Corbett. There are also many kinds of grasses and flowering plants spread throughout the park. Jim Corbett is home to a diverse range of plant life, which contributes to its rich biodiversity. Let’s go through each of them:

Trees of Jim Corbett

 In Jim Corbett, you can find trees like Sal, Khair, and Sissoo which are very common. The park is known for its dense Sal forests, dominated by Sal trees (Shorea robusta). These trees are tall and provide habitat for a variety of wildlife. Apart from Sal forests, there are mixed deciduous forests consisting of trees like Sheesham (Dalbergia sissoo), Dhak (Butea monosperma), Semal (Bombax ceiba), Ber (Ziziphus mauritiana), and Haldu (Adina cordifolia). Other than them some part of Jim Corbett is filled by bamboo forests. Bamboo groves are scattered throughout the park, providing cover and food for various animals, including elephants.

Flowering Trees of Jim Corbett

These are trees that produce flowers and add beauty to the lush green nature of Jim Corbett, you can find flowering trees like Kachnar with white tom pink flowers, Semal with giant red blooms, Flame of the Forest also known as Dhak, which has bright red flowers, Madaar or Indian Coral with red flowers, and Jacaranda with purple flowers. There’s also the Indian Laburnum, which is also called Amaltas and has yellow flowers.

Some other species of trees have been artificially planted in and around the park like Teak, Silver Oak, Eucalyptus, Jacaranda, and Bottlebrush.

Shrubs of Jim Corbett National Park

Shrubs are smaller plants with woody stems. In Jim Corbett, you might find shrubs like Lantana, which has colorful flowers, and Berberis, which has thorny branches. A large area is dominated by Ber, which is very beneficial for many birds and animals. Maror Phali and Jhau can also be found there.

Herbs of Jim Corbett National Park

Herbs are small plants with soft stems. In Jim Corbett, you can find herbs like Aloe Vera, which is known for its healing properties, and Lemongrass, which is used for making tea and repelling insects. Other herbs include Indian Basil (Tulsi), Indian Mallow (Atibala), Indian Pennywort (Brahmi), Indian Aloe (Ghritkumari), Indian Borage (Patharchur), Indian Marsh Fleabane (Bhringraj), Indian Kudzu (Vidari) and Indian Nightshade (Kantakari).

In conclusion, Jim Corbett has a variety of flora species, comprising a variety of trees, shrubs, herbs, bamboo, and flowering trees. These plants play an important role in maintaining the ecosystem of the region, providing food, shelter, and habitat for numerous bird and animal species. For experiencing this wide range of flora, book your safari now from our Jim Corbett Online Booking portal. 

Published by Sanskriti Goyal on February 13, 2024

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